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A Guide to the Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs

Finding aid created by Ana D. Rodriguez and Richard Phillips. Updated November 2017 by Katiana Bagué. Updated January 2018 by Margarita Vargas-Betancourt.

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections

October 2015 (Updated October 2020)



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hughes, Paul A. (col)
Title: Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs
Dates: 1898-1908
Abstract: The collection includes 237 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Also featured prominently are stereographs images from the Spanish American War.
Extent: 1.2 Linear feet. 2 Boxes.
Identification: MSS 0341
Language(s): English.
Note: This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/paulhughes_es.pdf
Online ContentItems from this collection have been digitized and are available online in the UF Digital Collections. For more information please see the note below.

Biographical/Historical Note

Stereographs, two almost identical photographs paired to create a three-dimensional experience, were first made in the 1850s. People viewed stereographs as a form of entertainment until the 1920s. Stereographs also had an educational purpose: they provided images of significant events, and of diverse places and people.

The collection includes stereographs from two of the most important stereographic firms in the United States: Underwood & Underwood and Keystone View Company. Brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood founded Underwood & Underwood in 1880 in Ottawa, Kansas. Starting with door to door sales and eventually branching out into freelance photography work, the brothers' company grew large enough to relocate to New York City in 1891. At the turn of the century the firm was selling 300,000 stereographs a year. After stereograph production was discontinued in the 1920s, Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock to the Keystone View Company.


Scope and Content

The Paul A. Hughes Collection is comprised of 237 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Also featured prominently are stereographs images from the Spanish American War. The stereograph cards were taken between 1898 and 1903 by the following publishing companies: Underwood & Underwood, American Stereoscopic Company, Keystone View Company, Strohmeyer and Wyman, H. C. White Company, Universal Photo Art Company, and M. H. Zahner. The Greater Antilles are represented by Cuba (Series 1), Puerto Rico (Series 2), and Jamaica (Series 4). Cuba is featured prominently, followed by Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. The majority of the stereographs from Jamaica are images taken after the 1907 Kingston, Jamaica earthquake. The Lesser Antilles (Series 3) are represented with views of Martinique, Guadeloupe, Nevis, Barbados, St. Kitts, and St. Vincent. The collection documents the aftermath of several catastrophes, such as the eruption of Mount Pelée in Martinique and an earthquake caused by the Soufriere Volcano in Guadeloupe. The rest of the Lesser Antilles islands is also represented.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged into four series: "Series 1: Cuba," "Series 2: Puerto Rico," "Series 3: Lesser Antilles", "Series 4: Jamaica", "Series 5: Spanish American War".


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

This collection is open for research.


Related or Separated Material

The William P. Angrick II Collection of Latin American and Caribbean Stereographs at the University of Florida

Panama Canal Stereographs at the University of Florida Digital Collections

Tom Pohrt Collection at the University of Miami


Administrative Information

Alternative Format Available

Digital reproductions of items in the Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs are available online via the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Please read the Permissions for Use statement for information on copyright, fair use, and use of UFDC digital objects.

Alternate Form of Finding Aid

This guide is available in Spanish at https://www.uflib.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/paulhughes_es.pdf.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

The collection was donated by Paul A. Hughes in 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020.


Contents List

Series 1: Cuba 1898-1902



Box
1 The famous Spanish block house overlooking Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (2 copies). 1898
1 Morro Castle after its bombardment by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson's fleet, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 1898
1 Royal Palm Gardens in Havana, Cuba (2 copies). 1898
1 Morro Castle, the famous Spanish fort in Havana, Cuba. 1898
1 Wounded Santiago de Cuba soldiers in an U.S. general hospital. 1898
1 View of El Morro Castle from the old fortification in Santiago de Cuba Harbor. 1898
1 Light artillery for shipment to Santiago de Cuba. 1898
1 View of the Saratoga ship carrying troops to Santiago de Cuba. 1898
1 View of hills south of Santiago de Cuba, showing the encampment of American army. 1898
1 Captain General's winter palace and grounds in Havana, Cuba. 1898
1 View of Santiago de Cuba harbor from the Spanish block house. 1898
1 Major General Fitzhugh Lee, Ex-Consul General at Havana. 1898
1 Major General Shafter, Commander of the Army of Invasion at Santiago de Cuba. 1898
1 Striking tents to move on to Santiago de Cuba. 1898
1 United States battle-ship "Maine," which was blown up in Havana Harbor, February 15, 1898. 1898
1 A glimpse of the famous Yumuri Valley, Cuba. 1898
1 Interior of the Fort, Morro Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1898
1 San Juan Hill where Col. Roosevelt's "Rough Riders" led the charge, the Victorious Army in camp in Cuba. 1898
1 In the Market Place, Santiago, Cuba. 1898
1 On Board the "Brooklyn," after the Battle of Santiago, showing damaged smokestack. 1898
1 El Caney, from the Stone Fort, showing Camps in the Distance, Cuba. 1898
1 The Tree, near San Juan Hill, under which the Articles of Capitulation were signed and Lieutenant Hobson and His Men were Exchanged, Cuba. 1898
1 The Embarkation of Spanish Troops, Santiago Harbor, Cuba. 1898
1 Central Park, Havana, Cuba. 1898
1 Consul-General, Lee in His Office at Havana, Cuba. 1898
1 View of typical country house in the province of Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Workers laying pipes in the streets of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (2 copies). 1899
1 Along the docks of Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Jagua Fort at the entrance of Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1899
1 Columbus Memorial and old tree under which was celebrated the first mass in Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 View of a typical home of a wealthy Cuban in Matanzas, Cuba. 1899
1 Peasant houses in the Dos Bocas Valley, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 1899
1 Selling donkey milk, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Rural home in the province of Pinar del Río, Cuba. 1899
1 View of the west side of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 1899
1 Basilio Street in the poor quarter of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 1899
1 View of Príncipe Alfonso Street in Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Cuban women washing in the river at Guantanamo, Cuba. 1899
1 Morro Castle in Santiago de Cuba seen from the bay. 1899
1 View of the "East Battery" near Morro destroyed by the American Fleet, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (2 copies). 1899
1 Last Spanish camp in Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1899
1 Spanish soldiers in Cienfuegos Cuba having breakfast before departing for Spain. 1899
1 Cavalry charge by Cuban troops in Remedios, Cuba. 1899
1 Picturesque Siboney near Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 Inspection of U.S. troops by General Joseph Cabell Breckenridge, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 East view of Villa Clara in the Santa Clara province. 1899
1 View of El Caney from the Fort, scene of general Henry Ware Lawton's glorious victory. 1899
1 View of plaza and cathedral in Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1899
1 View of an iron mining camp in the province of Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 View of a mountain home in the province of Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 Havana harbor seen from the dock. 1899
1 Human bones exhumed from graves in Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Street cleaners at work in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (2 copies). 1899
1 Townsfolk passing by Dolores Square in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. 1899
1 View of a sugar plantation in Caracas, Cuba. 1899
1 View of the Governor's Palace (background) and the Plaza de Armas (foreground) in Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 Inhabitants of the Cuban village San Luis, in the province of Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 View of a plantation home in Cuba. 1899
1 Scene of Siboney, Cuba. 1899
1 Street scene in the village of El Caney, Cuba. 1899
1 Cavalry of General Máximo Gómez's Army in Remedios, Cuba. 1899
1 U.S. flag, also known as "Old Glory" hung for the first time at the Morro Castle in Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 View of the city of Guantanamo from across the Guantanamo River. 1899
1 O'Reilly Street, Havana, Cuba (looking east). 1899
1 Santiago de Cuba, from the Bay. 1899
1 Stone Fort, El Caney, Cuba - showing hill up which General Lawton's forces charged. 1899
1 Interior of the destroyed Stone Fort, El Caney, looking towards Santiago, Cuba. 1899
1 Ford of the Aguadores - where many American Boys were killed - near San Juan, Cuba (2 copies). 1899
1 The gallant Cervera's magnificent Flagship "Colón" - where the great chase ended - Cuba. 1899
1 Turkey peddlers, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 A theatre in Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 El Morro, from the shore, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Where the Cuban patriots were shot by the Spaniards, Cabaña Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Inside Cabaña Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 The Harbor, from the Docks, Havana Cuba. 1899
1 Entrance to Havana Harbor and Morro Castle, Cuba. 1899
1 Havana Harbor from Treasury Bldg., Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Natives near Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 Delivering Milk, Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Ball-room, San Carlos Club, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
1 Laborers on a banana plantation, Cuba. 1900
1 Along the docks of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Making laws for the new nation: Cuba's first senate in session, Havana, Cuba. 1902
1 President Palma and his cabinet, Secretaries Zaldo, Tamayo, Terry, Montes, Díaz and Yero in the Palace, Havana, Cuba. 1902
1 Thomas Estrada Palma, the first President of Cuba - in the Palace, Havana. 1902
1 Cabaña Castle from southern end of the Castle, Havana, Cuba (2 copies). 1903
1 Morro Castle, N. from La Punta, across entrance to splendid Harbor of Havana, Cuba. 1903
1 Carts for hauling sugar in Cuba. 1906
1 Except on Large Estates the Machine Has Not Replaced Oxen - Plowing a Cornfield in Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Cuban Pineapple Plantation near Batabanó on S. Coast- Fruit Two Months from Maturity. circa 1940s
1 A Palm-thatched Bohio Farmhouse in the Province of Matanzas, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Airplane View of Havana, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Downtown Skyline of Cuba's Capital- Havana from Across the Harbor. circa 1940s
1 The Beautiful Domed National Capitol from Gardens of the Plaza Fraternidad, Havana, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 The Lovely Tree-shaped Paseo del Prado Extends from the Capitol to Waterfront of Havana. circa 1940s
1 Traffic Officer at Busy Corner of Neptuno and Zulueta Streets During Noon Lull, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 "White House" of the Pearl of the Antilles- Palace of the President, Havana, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 The Havana-to-Santiago Train in Station at Camagüey, Principal Rail Center of Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Plaza Colón and Cathedral of Cárdenas, an Important Sugar-loading Port in Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Filler Tobacco Brought Down on Chutes Is Transported by Motor Truck for Export, Havana. circa 1940s
1 Historic Morro Castle, Now a Weather Station, from the Parapet, Havana, Cuba. circa 1940s
1 Cuban cigar makers at work in the largest factory in Havana, Cuba. undated
1 Pottery factory in Cuba. undated
1 Courtyard of a Cuban home in Remedios, Cuba. undated
1 The wonderful caves of Bellamar near Matanzas, Cuba. undated
1 View of the harbor of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish Block House. undated
1 View of new capitol building in Havana, Cuba. undated
1 Entrance of Morro Castle in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. undated
1 Typical tobacco plantation near Havana. undated
1 View of the Yumuri River from the Yumuri ridge, Matanzas, Cuba. undated
1 City of Havana looking toward the harbor. undated
1 View of the Harbor of Santiago from a hill. undated
1 Cuba's principal cargo carriers, horses, in the Market Place, Havana. undated
1 Hauling car loads of sugar cane into the mill - sugar plantation in Caracas, Cuba. undated
1 The Cathedral, Havana from which Columbus' remains were removed to Spain 1898, Havana, Cuba. undated
1 The Plaza, Villa Clara, Cuba. undated
1 Wretched Poverty of a Cuban Peasant's Home, Province of Santiago. undated
1 Bound for Cuba. 1899
1 A Cuban family. Havana, Cuba. 1899
1 Towards Morro Castle from customhouse wharf. Havana, Cuba. 1902
1 Old Glory on Morro Castle, Cuba. undated
1 A Cuban jail. Remedios, Cuba. 1899
1 In a banana plantation. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 A street in a Cuban village. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 An avenue of Royal Palms in a suburb of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Columbus Memorial and Old Tree. Havana, Cuba. 1902
1 The Indian fountain in the Indian park. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Gen. Leonard Wood, Military Governor of Cuba. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Morro Castle from the entrance to the harbor. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Morro Castle and entrance to the Harbor. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 The Captain General's Palace. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Obispo Street, the principal shopping street of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 In the new Colón Park. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 A Spanish blockhouse. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Native ferryboat (Morro Castle in distance). Havana Harbor, Cuba. 1902
1 A Cuban mule team. 1901
1 A tobacco field in a palm grove. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Morro Castle from the Punta Battery. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Overlooking the Prado, showing Morro Castle. Havana, Cuba. 1902
1 An Ox team in Cuba. 1901
1 Signal Station, lighthouse and "Old Glory" on Morro. Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 A Cuban farmer cutting his tobacco. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 Cuban boys. Province of Havana, Cuba. 1901
1 A village in the interior of the island of Cuba. 1901



Series 2: Puerto Rico. 1899-1904



Box
1 A holiday jaunt in a horseless carriage in Coamo, Puerto Rico (2 copies). 1899
1 Getting bananas ready for market in Ponce, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Columbus Square, and Fortress of San Cristóbal, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Governor's Palace, showing old city wall and gate - San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Rapid transit in Yauco, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 "Morro" Castle defending the harbor and city of San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Husking crop in a Cocoanut forest near Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Young banana plants - growing prospects of a country home near Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Cutting the sugar cane in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico. 1900
1 Cutting the sugar cane in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico (beige frame). 1900
1 Overlooking the harbor, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1900
1 San Juan, Puerto Rico, from Fort San Cristóbal- looking northwest toward Morro Castle (2 copies). 1900
1 Life and trade in Commerce Street, Yauco, Puerto Rico. undated
1 America's greatest gift to Puerto Rico - the public school, Caguas. undated
1 Columbus Square, city and bay, from San Cristóbal Fortress, San Juan Puerto Rico. undated
1 Music hath charms in a Puerto Rican park. 1901
1 San José Street. A typical San Juan street. Puerto Rico. 1904
1 Street scene. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1899
1 Dusky (Black) belles, Puerto Rico. undated



Series 3: Lesser Antilles. 1902-1903



Box
1 Remains of a cathedral after volcanic eruption in Saint-Pierre, Martinique. 1902
1 Ruins of Saint-Pierre caused by Mount Pelée volcano (background) in Martinique. 1902
1 Volcanic explosion of Mount Pelée near Riviere Blanche in Martinique. 1902
1 Panoramic view of Saint-Pierre showing Mount Pelée volcano in Martinique. 1902
1 Horror-strewn acres of death and ruin - path of the "Red-hot Hurricane" St Pierre, Martinique. 1902
1 Under the descending fury of Mt. Pelée, Martinique. 1902
1 "Soufrière's" steaming caldron 48 hours prior to a terrific eruption, St. Vincent . 1902
1 Terrified Refugees, fleeing in Boats from Mont Pelée - en route to Fort de France, Martinique. 1902
1 Southern part of ash-buried St. Pierre, south to Cliff marking the southern limit of the zone of destruction, Martinique, West Indies. 1902
1 The intrepid Professor Hellprin, going to examine the Mud Flow at base of Mont Pelée, Marinique. 1902
1 Overlooking mud-filled Roxelane river bed and ash-covered ruins to Mont Pelée. 1902
1 Along Rue Victor Hugo, principal Street of the late-charming St. Pierre - after Mont Pelée's eruption, Martinique, West Indies. 1902
1 Coffee pickers at work in Guadeloupe. 1903
1 View of a sugar estate in the island of Nevis. 1903
1 St. Louis St., showing cathedral, Fort-de-France, Martinique. 1903
1 Driven from home by the volcano - loading boats on the beach, Carbet, Martinique. 1903
1 Desolate city of the dead, St. Pierre, Martinique. 1903
1 Mighty earthquake fissure "Lac du Nord", "Soufrière" volcano, Guadeloupe. 1903
1 Scenes which force the hardest heart to weep a silent tear - victims as they fall in the destruction of Morne Rouge, Martinique. 1903
1 Farm scene in Martinique, breaking the rich volcanic soil. 1903
1 Crumbling ash deposits along the Rabacca River, St. Vincent. 1903
1 View of a sugar estate in the island of Nevis. undated
1 Group of women preparing cane stalks for replanting in Saint Kitts. undated
1 Luxuriant tropical verdue along the canal, Fort de France, Martinique. undated
1 Natives fascinated by the fierce and magnificant sight of a volcanic eruption, Gros Morne, Martinique. undated
1 View over Kingstown, the Seaport Capital of St. Vincent, wrongly identified as Jamaica. undated
1 Soufrière's Mammoth Crater - hissing, grumbling terror of the whole population, St. Vincent. undated
1 Beautiful scene in Martinique. undated
1 Old-fashioned sugar mill driven by the wind. Barbados. undated



Series 4: Jamaica. 1903-1907



Box
2 Scene at a school house in Jamaica. 1903
2 A cattle ranch in Jamaica. undated
2 Panorama of Kingston looking to the north. 1907
2 A view of Kingston from the Royal Mail Pier. 1907
2 Panoramic view of the city of Kingston and the Blue Mountains in the distance. 1907
2 Birdseye view of Kingston and the Harbor. 1907
2 Burning dead bodies on the Produce Wharf, Kingston. 1907
2 The residence of the Governor of Jamaica. 1907
2 Interior of the Governor's residence. 1907
2 Sailors putting up tents on the hospital grounds. 1907
2 The destruction of the magnificent marble post office. 1907
2 The ruins of St. Michael's Church. 1907
2 Wreck of the Supreme Court building, Kingston. 1907
2 Ruins and surrounding devastation of the hotel. 1907
2 Giving natives relief. 1907



Series 5: Spanish-American War. 1898-1908



Cuba.


Box
2 The Winslow showing the place where Ensign Bagley, the sole US naval officer to be killed in action, and companions met their death (2 Copies). 1898
2 Trying our Batteries. 1898
2 Some of the Boys that climbed the Hill at San Juan. 1898
2 The Monster that made the Spanish Quake at Santiago de Cuba. 1898
2 Admiral Sampson's Fleet at the Blockade, Havana. 1898
2 Insurgent Soldiers in Camp, Guanabacoa, Cuba. 1899
2 Arrival of Spanish Vessel at Santiago de Cuba. 1899
2 Old Church at El Caney, Cuba, used for a Hospital during the battle at El Caney. 1899
2 Santiago City and Harbor from Signal Tower, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
2 Company E. 2nd US Artillery at dinner near Cabañas Fortress, Cuba (2 copies, different angles). 1899
2 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Band at Dinner, Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1899
2 Morro Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1899
2 Bay of Daiquiri, landing place of Shafter's Army, Cuba. 1899
2 Morro Castle, Interior of Cell in which Hobson was confined, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
2 American shells that were fired at the fall of Santiago. 1899
2 Interior of the Fort, Morro Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1899
2 Ruins of the Fort at El Caney, Cuba. 1899
2 Members of Company B. 2nd US Artillery, Havana, Cuba. 1899
2 "The Peace Tree" where Hobson was exchanged and Gen. Torrel surrendered, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
2 Victims of the Maine, Colón Cemetery, Havana. 1899
2 "Sounding the Taps" at the Grave of a Comrade, Santiago. 1899
2 American Flag from top of Morro Castle, Santiago de Cuba. 1899
2 Insurgent Camp at Guanabacoa, Cuba. 1899
2 Passing Morro Castle, Entering the Harbor, Havana, Cuba. 1899
2 A heavy, old-time Gun, Morro Castle, Havana, Cuba. 1908


USA.


Box
2 In Camp, Chickamauga, Georgia. 1898
2 The Sixth Illinois-Officers and Regiment, Camp Alger, Virginia, USA. 1898
2 6th Illinois Volunteers leaving Camp Alger to join General Miles for Porto Rico. 1898
2 Admiral Sampson's Flagship, the New York. 1898



Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Agriculture.
Buildings.
Caribbean Area.
Country life.
Cuba -- Havana.
Cuba -- Santiago de Cuba -- Castillo del Morro.
Jamaica.
Keystone View Company.
Martinique -- Mount Pelée.
Puerto Rico.
Spanish-American War (1898).
Stereographs
Sugar factories.
Underwood & Underwood.




For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

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