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A Guide to the Ormond Family Papers

Finding aid created by Paige M. Scofield

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
December 2007


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Ormond family
Title: Ormond Family Papers
Dates: 1784-1909
Bulk dates: 1834-1892
Abstract: The collection includes correspondence, business letters, account books, and a memoir manuscript created by members of the Ormond family of Florida.
Extent: 2 Linear feet. 4 boxes.
Identification: MS 78
Language(s): English

Biographical/Historical Note

Captain James Ormond I (175?-1819), born in Scotland, commanded the brig Somerset. He owned a plantation on Exuma in the Bahamas, but then took advantage of Spanish land grants in Florida. He settled near New Smyrna, Florida, where he was later killed by a neighbor's slave.

James Ormond II (179?-1829), also born in Scotland, came to Florida with his wife, Isabella (neé Christie), and their four children after a failed business venture. They lived on the Damietta plantation, near St. Augustine, Florida.

James Ormond III (1815-1892) was born in Mayfield, Scotland. During the Second Seminole War, he volunteered in the Mosquito Roarers militia as a sergeant. Ormond married Elizabeth Chaires in 1844, with whom he had nine children. His business ventures included the Atlanta Paper Mill, one of the first paper mill operations in the South and other enterprises with his partner William McNaught. During the Civil War, Ormond worked as an adjutant at Andersonville Prison. He moved his family to Canada and England after the war, returning to Atlanta in 1867. He later came back to Florida and settled near the remains of his former plantation, Damietta. The town of Ormond, named for him, was incorporated in 1880.

Source: "James Ormond, Merchant and Soldier," by Alice Strickland, The Florida Historical Quarterly, (41):209-222.


Scope and Content

Correspondence, business account notebooks, official marriage, deed, estate records, and a manuscript memoir. Collection includes family correspondence ranging from James I in 1884 to James III in 1882, the bulk (3 boxes) of which chronicles the business and personal affairs of James III. Major subjects covered include the Second Seminole War in Florida, the Civil War, the Andersonville Prison in Georgia, and business operations characteristic of the nineteenth century. Other topics include yellow fever outbreaks in Florida, frontier life in north Florida, Spanish land grant claims, and family history. Researchers may find the ongoing, regular correspondence between James III and McNaught useful for topics relating to business practices of the period. Of particular note is the handwritten autobiography of James III, dictated in the year before his death. The collection is arranged chronologically.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

No photocopying of the Ormond Account Books, Box 4.


Related or Separated Material

For additional information on this topic, you may also want to see Reminiscences of James Ormond: Concerning the Early Days of the Halifax Country at the PK Yonge Library of Florida History (F. 2 V94 073r).

Oversize materials from Boxes 1, 2, and 4 have been relocated to Miscellaneous Oversize Materials Box 1, in the Ormond Family Folder.


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Collection formerly owned by Mrs. St. Elmo Massengale, Jr. (nee Bettie Render Hodgson).

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ormond Family Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Ms. Bettie Massengale Edwards, 1979.


Contents List

Box
1 Ormond, James I: 1784 Indenture between Ormond and Alex Mathew
1 Ormond, James I: July 1790 Bill of sale of black man, Bahamas
1 Ormond, James I: 1793 Duties paid on goods from Exuma
1 Ormond, James, Captain I: 1794-1799 regarding ships
1 Ormond, James I: 1798 House lease in Germantown, Pa.
1 Bahama Islands, Register's Office: Oct. 1799 regarding land purchase
1 Ormond, James I: 1801 Land grant to Russell (wife) Ormond and Elizabeth Brown. St. Vincents
1 Ormond, James II: 1824-1829 letters, to and from
1 Ormond, James III: 1834-1839 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: January -March 1840 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: April -September 1840 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1841-1844 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1845-1846 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1847 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1848- 1849 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1850 -1852 Correspondence
1 Ormond, James III: 1854 -1856 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1857 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1858 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1859 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1860 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1861-1862 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1863-1864 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1865 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1866 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1867-1868 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1869-1870 Correspondence
2 Ormond, James III: 1871-1872 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1873-1875 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1876-1878 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1879-1883 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1884-1887 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1888-1889 Correspondence
3 Ormond, James III: 1891-1892 Correspondence
3 Reminiscences of the Life of James Ormond. 1892 (autobiography)
4 Ormond, James III: Miscellaneous
4 Ormond, James III: (after death) Pension claim 1893-95; estate land claim 1909
4 Ormond, James III: 1877-1881 Atlanta Paper Mill Papers
4 Ormond, James III: 1881 Atlanta Paper Mill Papers
4 Ormond, James III: 1881 Atlanta Paper Mill Papers
4 Ormond, James III: 1881 Atlanta Paper Mill Papers
4 Ormond, James III: 1881-1882 Atlanta Paper Mill Papers
4 Ormond Account Books (8) 1845-1880

Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Ormond, James, 1815-1892.
Plantation life -- Florida.
Volusia County (Fla.) -- History.



For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

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