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A Guide to the Claude L'Engle Papers

Finding aid created by Catherine Daas

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
November 2008


Descriptive Summary

Creator: L'Engle, Claude
Title: Claude L'Engle Papers
Dates: 1910-1919
Abstract: The L'Engle Papers contain materials relating to L'Engle's career as a newspaper editor and politician in Florida.
Extent: 1 Linear feet. 1 box; 1 scrapbook; 1 folder.
Identification: MS 249
Language(s): English

Biographical/Historical Note

Congressman Claude L'Engle of Florida was a representative in the 63rd U.S. Congress, which was in session from March 4, 1913 to March 3, 1915. Born in Jacksonville, Florida, on October 19, 1868, L'Engle was a member of a prominent local family descended from the colonial-era Fatio family. L'Engle was educated in Duval County, after which he eventually became a newspaper editor in 1901. He worked on a series of papers including The Sun (published in Jacksonville and Tallahassee) and later was the owner of Dixie (1912-1914) published in Jacksonville. L'Engle married Nannie Baker Bradely of Marietta, Georgia, and they had six children. He died in Jacksonville on November 6, 1919.

Source: Gold, Pleasant Daniel, History of Duval County Florida (The Record Company, St. Augustine, 1928), 241. For additional information on Claude L'Engle see Eastman, Joel Webb, Florida Historical Quarterly 45, "Claude L'Engle, Florida Muckraker," 243-252.


Scope and Content

Spanning the years 1910- 1919, the collection contains materials relating to L'Engle's career as an editor and a Congressman. Of particular interest are his articles and speeches on the subject of General Extension at the University of Florida. L'Engle wanted to create a governing body to broaden educational opportunities for Florida citizens. He promoted this goal with enthusiasm through his newspapers and articles. His desire to sit on the Extension Board led to conflict with Albert A. Murphree, the second President of the University of Florida, who opposed his appointment. In addition, personal letters addressed to his son Frank L'Engle, during the years 1917-1918 when Frank was in the Navy, touch briefly on control of the extension board and World War I. L'Engle's opinion on the war, the U.S.'s participation and the making of the peace, is occasionally represented within his correspondence and editorials. Papers from his term in the U.S. Congress include bills he sponsored. Additional materials include samples of L'Engle's fiction, which tend to show his prejudices against African-Americans.

A scrapbook contains newspaper clippings that cover a 1907 trial in which L'Engle was accused of libeling Peter O. Knight, an attorney. For particulars on this scrapbook see the separate description at: http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/lengle.htm


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.


Related or Separated Material

A scrapbook contains newspaper clippings that cover a 1907 trial in which L'Engle was accused of libeling Peter O. Knight, an attorney. For particulars on this scrapbook see the separate description at: http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/lengle.htm

In addition to the holdings at UF, there is related material at Florida State University.

Oversized materials, including three newspapers and a resolution, were separated from the collection and are stored separately in Miscellaneous Oversize Materials Box 1.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Claude L'Engle Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Marion L'Engle Young, daughter of Claude L'Engle (1953).

Processing Notes

The papers formerly were housed in Box 63 of the P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History miscellaneous manuscripts collection.


Contents List

Box Folder
1 1 Biography for the Congressional Directory, awards, miscellany.
1 2 Congressional Work, bills introduced, etc.
1 3 Copies of The Sun edited by L'Engle (A 1905 issue of The Sun and two issues of Dixie dated 1912 and 1914 are stored separately in Miscellaneous Oversize Materials Box 1). 1904-1909
1 4 Correspondence, general. 1910-1919
1 5 Correspondence, primarily letters to his son. Not dated
1 6 Miscellaneous.
1 7 Materials on founding University Extension at the University of Florida. 1911-1919
1 8 Newspaper clippings, mostly editorials from the Palm Beach Post. 1917-1919
1 9 Obituaries, letter of sympathy, and a eulogy. 1919
1 10 Speeches, short stories, drafts of editorials. 1914-1919
1 11 Typed copies of editorials that appeared in the Palm Beach Post. 1917-1919
Scrapbook containing news clippings regarding a libel suit concerning John Graham, put forth by Peter O. Knight against Claude L'Engle. For more information see the separate scrapbook description (The scrapbook is housed separately as PKY 88-028.). 1907

Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Economics and Society: Post Civil War Florida, 1865-1913 -- The New Century and a Growing State, 1899-1913
Florida During World War I, 1914-1918
L'Engle, Claude -- Correspondence
Newspaper editors -- Florida -- Correspondence
Palm Beach (Fla.) -- Newspapers
Tallahassee (Fla.) -- Newspapers
The Florida Boom and Bust, 1919-1929
University Extension -- Florida



For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

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