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A Guide to the Garrett David Jackson Papers

Finding aid created by Leigh Stephens

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
November 2011


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Jackson, Garrett David, 1850-1930
Title: Garrett David Jackson Papers
Dates: 1875-1933
Abstract: Personal and business records of G.D. Jackson, his wife, Lily, and daughter, Marion Jackson. The collection includes correspondence, ledgers, photos, receipts and other miscellaneous materials. Topics include steamboats, the postal service, and the citrus industry. The family resided mainly in Eustis, Florida.
Extent: 3.1 Linear feet. 9 boxes.
Identification: MS 294
Language(s): English

Biographical/Historical Note

The Jackson family of Eustis, Florida, was involved in the development of the steamboat industry and management of citrus groves in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Garrett D. Jackson, son of Levi Jackson and Rebecca Freeman, was born in 1850 in Laurel, Kentucky. He married Lily M. Brown (b. 1865) in 1884, and they relocated in 1880 to Grayson, Texas. They had a daughter, Lillian, in 1885 and another, Marion, in 1888. Lillian died shortly after her birth. Around 1890 the family moved to Eustis where they lived until Lily's death in 1929 and Garrett's death in 1930. Marion remained in Florida until her death in 1972. The family attended the First Presbyterian Church of Eustis and was associated with the Florida Christian Evangelistic Association.

Jackson established several businesses in his lifetime. These include the St. Johns and Ocklawaha River Steamboat Company, established circa 1900; a U.S. Mail contracting company; and the Jackson and Hoyt millinery for women and children in Jacksonville.

The St. Johns and Ocklawaha River Steamboat Co. operated from Jacksonville to Eustis in Florida. Jackson was President, based in Eustis circa 1901. Jackson's nephew, R.P. Colyer, managed the Savannah arm of the firm (J.D. Colyer is his brother-in-law). F.J. Longdon was Secretary and Treasurer, DeLand, circa 1901. J.E. Lucas was listed as General Manager, Palatka, circa 1901. Lucas also ran the Lucas New Line, which operated the larger steamships Metamora and Eureka among others. The relationship between Jackson and the Lucas Line is unclear but ledgers show many references to these steamers and to the steamer Alligator. Jackson's steamers in Florida possibly berthed at the Newnan St. waterfront, Jacksonville.

G.D. Jackson and Co., U.S. Mail Contractors, was managed with G.D.'s sister Ella and other family members including L.A. Jackson, J.S. Jackson and possibly his father, Levi. The mail service operated in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida as early as 1887. Other individuals involved are C.A. Potter, D.A. Colyer and the firm Parr and Parrish. The firm had offices in Eustis (main office) and Washington D.C.

Jackson was president and treasurer of the East Jellico Coal Company, Artemis, KY (circa 1898-1899); an agent for the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, London, KY; president of the Manufacturer's Bank, Middleborough, KY (circa early 1890s); and was president of Standard Clothing Company (circa 1901-1907?). Jackson also managed several properties and was involved in supplying labor and goods to citrus groves between Eustis and Tavares, including the Marion Jackson, Badger, and Williamsun groves. In this citrus business he employed laborers named Funderburk, Robert, Hutch, among others.


Scope and Content

Portions of the collection are related to Jackson's steamboat company, which is mentioned in three ledgers and in correspondence. Six ledgers dated 1889-1896 and correspondence dating to 1901 deal with his work issuing appointments and contracts to mail deliverymen in the southern United States. He ran both these businesses from Eustis, primarily. Other materials include: a diary of Marion Jackson, age 14, which covers life in Eustis; the Jackson family's involvement with church organizations; and some materials on business in Jacksonville. The latter includes a letter about the Jacksonville fire of 1901. There are also several letters relating to Jackson's 1931 land donation of what is now the Levi Jackson State Park (London, Kentucky). Photographs from a family photo album depict Garrett D. Jackson, and friends or relations from Texas.

The collection mainly consists of business ledgers and correspondence. The correspondence is divided into family correspondence and general correspondence. The family correspondence is arranged chronologically in Box 1 and includes the diary of Marion Jackson. The general correspondence is arranged by topic or business in Box 2. The most substantial topics are the steamboat company, the mail contracting business, the millinery company, and Jackson's property and grove management, and church correspondence. Box 3 consists of checks and tax records, and the contents of a photo album are in Box 4. There are fourteen ledgers and two account books in Boxes 5-9.

The ledgers relating to the St. Johns and Ocklawaha River Steamboat Co. and other steamboat lines in Florida provide information about various steamers including: Lavinia, local excursion vessel; Eureka, a local excursion vessel at Silver Springs (the ledgers document operations in 1889-1902); Eulalia, a local excursion vessel (the ledgers document operations in 1893-1903); Metamora (documented operations in 1893-1903); Alligator (documented operations in 1893-1903).


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Garrett David Jackson Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Joshua Chase, 2011.


Contents List

Family Papers and Photos


Box
1 Family correspondence. 1885
1 Family correspondence. 1890s
1 Family correspondence (tuition fees, Stetson University). 1900
1 Family correspondence. 1901
1 Family papers - Marion Jackson's Diary. 1901
1 Family correspondence - Marion Jackson's postcard album. 1904
1 Family correspondence. 1905
1 Family correspondence. 1908
1 Family correspondence. 1908
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson (includes choir music program). 1907
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1908 March-August
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1908 September-October
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1908 November-December
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1909
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910 February-June
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910 July-August
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910 August-October
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910 October-December
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1910
1 Family correspondence. 1910-1911
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. 1911-1912
1 Family correspondence - Post cards to Marion Jackson. Not dated
1 Family correspondence. Not dated
1 News clipping about Bacon Saunders. Not dated
1 Photo of Crescent Wharf steamer. Not dated
1 Photos (2) of Jackson farms, Florida. Not dated
1 Photo of "S.W. view of the house". Not dated
1 Photo of unidentified house with verandah. Not dated
1 Photo portrait of an unidentified man. Not dated


General and Business Correspondence


Box
2 Church related - Congress of the Disciples of Christ - Sydney C. Haley correspondence. 1901
2 Church related - miscellaneous. 1895, 1901, Not dated
2 Church related - C.W. Zaring correspondence. 1901
2 Church related - J.R. Miller correspondence. 1916
2 Church related - J.R. Miller correspondence. 1919-1920, 1929
2 Clothing business. 1901-1902
2 Clothing business - Albert B. Hoyt letters. 1903
2 Clothing business - Albert B. Hoyt letters. 1904
2 Donation of land to Kentucky State Park. 1931
2 East Jellico Coal Company. 1899-1902
2 Jacksonville fire. 1901
2 Mail Contracting - General. 1901 February-April
2 Mail Contracting - General. 1901 May
2 Mail Contracting - General. 1901 June-December
2 Mail Contracting - Pollard correspondence. 1900-1901
2 Mail Contracting - Parre and Profitt correspondence. 1901
2 Mail Contracting - C.A. Potter. 1901
2 Mail Contracting - D.A. Colyer. 1900
2 Mail Contracting - Nappier to Jackson. 1901
2 Miscellaneous correspondence.
2 Property. 1901
2 Property - Letters between Sanford and Jackson. 1901
2 Property taxes. 1919-1926
2 Receipts.
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1900
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1901 March
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1901 April
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1901 May-July
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1901 August
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1901 September-December
2 Steamboat correspondence. 1902-1903
2 Steamboat correspondence - miscellaneous.


Finance Miscellaneous


Box
3 Bank statements and cancelled checks. 1906
3 Bank stock certificates. 1899-1903
3 Cancelled checks. 1902-1910
3 Cancelled checks. 1911-1912
3 Check register - G.D. Jackson. 1911
3 Check register and cancelled checks. 1912
3 G.D. Jackson daybook relating to citrus grove management. 1913
3 G.D. Jackson daybook relating to citrus grove management. 1916
3 Income Tax returns (corporate). 1918-1931
3 Income Tax returns (individual). 1918-1926
3 Income Taxes - Correspondence and miscellaneous. 1920-1929


Photograph Album

The collection included a photograph album, but the condition of the album was poor so the photos were removed for preservation purposes. If multiple photos were on a single page in the album, these photos were placed into the same folder. Most of the photos are unidentified and undated.


Box
4 Four photos - Hiram Faris or Farris, Mary Faris Randall and two unidentified.
4 G.D. Jackson photos. 1875, 1876, 1883
4 Infant photographed in Nicholasville, Kentucky. Circa 1886
4 Man, woman and two children having picnic.
4 Miss Allie Saunders; Mrs. Stokes Saunders, "My Bonham Girl".
4 Miss Allie (or Alice) Saunders (Wirt's daughter).
4 Mrs. G.D. Jackson (Lily) in Eustis. Circa 1900s
4 Mrs. J.T. Brown and 7 unidentified photos.
4 "R.L.B." (1 photo); "Lalla" (1 photo); and 1 unidentified.
4 Two young girls.
4 Two young girls photographed in Eustis (Marion and Lillian Jackson?).
4 Unidentified elderly woman.
4 Unidentified girl.
4 Unidentified girl photographed in DeLand, Florida.
4 Unidentified man photographed in Bonham, Texas.
4 Unidentified man photographed in Louisville, Kentucky.
4 Unidentified woman photographed in Chicago, Illinois.
4 Unidentified woman.
4 Young girl holding basket.


Ledgers and Account Books


Box
5 Ledger 1: Steamboat business, grove management. 1894-1923
5 Ledger 2: Steamboat business. 1901
5 Ledger 3: Steamboat business. 1896-1899
6 Ledger 4: Grove management. 1914-1917
6 Ledger 5: General taxes, misc. 1927-1931
6 Ledger 6: Mail contracting. 1889-1892
6 Ledger 7: Mail contracting.
7 Ledger 8: Mail contracting. 1888-1892
7 Ledger 9: Mail contracting. 1890-1893
8 Ledger 10 Mail contracting. 1891-1895
9 Ledger 11: Real estate, grove management. 1914-1933
9 Ledger 12: Grove management, general taxes, charity donations, mail contracting. 1900-1930
9 Ledger 13: Grove management. 1917-1927
9 Ledger 14: Check book. 1894
9 Account book 1. 1890
9 Account book 2. 1889-1890


Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Citrus fruit industry -- Florida -- History
Clothing trade -- Florida -- History
Eustis (Fla.) -- History
Inland water transportation -- Florida -- History
Jackson family
Jacksonville (Fla.) -- History
Postal service -- United States -- History
Steamboats -- Florida -- History



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