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A Guide to the Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs

Finding aid created by Ana D. Rodriguez and Richard Phillips. Updated November 2017 by Katiana Bagué. Updated January 2018 by Margarita Vargas-Betancourt.

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hughes, Paul A.
Title: Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs
Dates: 1898-1903
Abstract: The collection includes 140 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea.
Extent: 1.5 Linear feet. 1 Box.
Identification: MSS 0341
Language(s): English.
Note: This guide is available in Spanish at http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/paulhughes_es.htm
Online ContentItems from this collection have been digitized and are available online in the UF Digital Collections. For more information please see the note below.

Biographical/Historical Note

Stereographs, two almost identical photographs paired to create a three-dimensional experience, were first made in the 1850s. People viewed stereographs as a form of entertainment until the 1920s. Stereographs also had an educational purpose: they provided images of significant events, and of diverse places and people.

The collection includes stereographs from two of the most important stereographic firms in the United States: Underwood & Underwood and Keystone View Company. Brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood founded Underwood & Underwood in 1880 in Ottawa, Kansas. Starting with door to door sales and eventually branching out into freelance photography work, the brothers' company grew large enough to relocate to New York City in 1891. At the turn of the century the firm was selling 300,000 stereographs a year. After stereograph production was discontinued in the 1920s, Underwood & Underwood sold its stereographic stock to the Keystone View Company.


Scope and Content

The Paul A. Hughes Collection is comprised of 140 stereograph images showcasing scenes and views of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. The stereograph cards were taken between 1898 and 1903 by the following publishing companies: Underwood & Underwood, American Stereoscopic Company, Keystone View Company, Strohmeyer and Wyman, H. C. White Company, Universal Photo Art Company, and M. H. Zahner. The Greater Antilles are represented by Cuba (Series 1), Puerto Rico (Series 2), and Jamaica (Series 4). Cuba is featured prominently, followed by Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. The Lesser Antilles (Series 3) are represented with views of Martinique, Guadeloupe, Nevis, Barbados, St. Kitts, and St. Vincent. The colleciton documents the aftermath of several catastrophes, such as the eruption of Mount Pelée in Martinique and an earthquake caused by the Soufriere Volcano in Gaudeloupe. The rest of the Lesser Antilles islands is also represented.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged into four series: "Series 1: Cuba," "Series 2: Puerto Rico," "Series 3: Lesser Antilles" and "Series 4: Jamaica."


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

This collection is open for research.


Related or Separated Material

The William P. Angrick II Collection of Latin American and Caribbean Stereographs at the University of Florida

Panama Canal Stereographs at the University of Florida Digital Collections

Tom Pohrt Collection at the University of Miami


Administrative Information

Alternative Format Available

Digital reproductions of items in the Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs are available online via the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Please read the Permissions for Use statement for information on copyright, fair use, and use of UFDC digital objects.

Alternate Form of Finding Aid

This guide is available in Spanish at http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/paulhughes_es.htm.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Paul A. Hughes Collection of Caribbean Stereographs, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

The collection was donated by Paul A. Hughes in 2014, 2017, and 2018.


Contents List

Series 1: Cuba 1898-1902



Box
1 Spanish block house overlooking Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1898
1 Morro Castle after its bombardment by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson's fleet, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1898
1 Royal Palm Gardens in Havana, Cuba (2 copies) 1898
1 Morro Castle, the famous Spanish fort in Havana, Cuba 1898
1 Wounded Santiago de Cuba soldiers in an U.S. general hospital 1898
1 View of El Morro Castle from the old fortification in Santiago de Cuba Harbor 1898
1 Light artillery for shipment to Santiago de Cuba 1898
1 View of the Saratoga ship carrying troops to Santiago de Cuba 1898
1 View of hills south of Santiago de Cuba, showing the encampment of American army 1898
1 Captain General's winter palace and grounds in Havana, Cuba 1898
1 View of Santiago de Cuba harbor from the Spanish block house 1898
1 Major General Fitzhugh Lee, Ex-Consul General at Havana 1898
1 Major General Shafter, Commander of the Army of Invasion at Santiago de Cuba 1898
1 Striking tents to move to Santiago de Cuba 1898
1 United States battle-ship "Maine," which was blown up in Havana Harbor, February 15, 1898 1898
1 A glimpse of the famous Yumuri Valley, Cuba 1898
1 Interior of the Fort, Morro Castle, Havana, Cuba 1898
1 San Juan Hill where Col. Roosevelt's "Rough Riders" led the charge, the Victorious Army in camp in Cuba 1898
1 View of typical country house in the province of Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Workers laying pipes in the streets of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 Along the docks of Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Jagua Fort at the entrance of Cienfuegos, Cuba 1899
1 Columbus Memorial and old tree under which was celebrated the first mass in Havana, Cuba 1899
1 View of a typical home of a wealthy Cuban in Matanzas, Cuba 1899
1 Peasant houses in the Dos Bocas Valley, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 Selling donkey milk, Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Rural home in the province of Pinar del Rio, Cuba 1899
1 View of the west side of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 Basilio Street in the poor quarter of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 View of Principe Alfonso Street in Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Cuban women washing in the river at Guantanamo, Cuba 1899
1 Morro Castle in Santiago de Cuba seen from the bay 1899
1 View of the "East Battery" near Morro destroyed by the American Fleet, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 Last Spanish camp in Cienfuegos, Cuba 1899
1 Spanish soldiers in Cienfuegos Cuba having breakfast before departing for Spain 1899
1 Cavalry charge by Cuban troops in Remedios, Cuba 1899
1 Picturesque Siboney near Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 Inspection of U.S. troops by General Joseph Cabell Breckenridge, Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 East view of Villa Clara in the Santa Clara province 1899
1 View of El Caney from the Fort, scene of general Henry Ware Lawton's glorious victory 1899
1 View of plaza and cathedral in Cienfuegos, Cuba 1899
1 View of an iron mining camp in the province of Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 View of a mountain home in the province of Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 Havana harbor seen from the dock 1899
1 Human bones exhumed from graves in Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Street cleaners at work in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 Townsfolk passing by Dolores Square in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba 1899
1 View of a sugar plantation in Caracas, Cuba 1899
1 View of the Governor's Palace (background) and the Plaza de Armas (foreground) in Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 Inhabitants of the Cuban village San Luis, in the province of Santiago de Cuba 1899
1 View of a plantation home in Cuba 1899
1 Scene of Siboney, Cuba 1899
1 Street scene in the village of El Caney, Cuba 1899
1 Cavalry of General Máximo Gómez's Army in Remedios, Cuba 1899
1 U.S. flag, also known as "Old Glory" hung for the first time at the Morro Castle in Havana, Cuba 1899
1 View of the city of Guantanamo from across the Guantanamo River 1899
1 O'Reilly Street, Havana, Cuba (looking east) 1899
1 Santiago de Cuba, from the Bay 1899
1 Stone Fort, El Caney, Cuba - showing hill up which General Lawton's forces charged 1899
1 Interior of the destroyed Stone Fort, El Caney, looking towards Santiago, Cuba 1899
1 Ford of the Aguadores - where many American Boys were killed - near San Juan, Cuba (2 copies) 1899
1 The gallant Cervera's magnificent Flagship "Colon" - where the great chase ended - Cuba 1899
1 Turkey peddlers, Havana, Cuba 1899
1 A theatre in Havana, Cuba 1899
1 El Morro, from the shore, Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Where the Cuban patriots were shot by the Spaniards, Cabaña Castle, Havana, Cuba 1899
1 Inside Cabaña Castle, Havana, Cuba 1899
1 The Harbor, from the Docks, Havana Cuba 1899
1 Laborers on a banana plantation, Cuba 1900
1 Along the docks of Havana, Cuba 1901
1 Making laws for the new nation: Cuba's first senate in session, Havana, Cuba 1902
1 President Palma and his cabinet, Secretaries Zaldo, Tamayo, Terry, Montes, Diaz and Yero in the Palace, Havana, Cuba 1902
1 Carts for hauling sugar in Cuba 1906
1 Except on Large Estates the Machine Has Not Replaced Oxen - Plowing a Cornfield in Cuba circa 1940s
1 Cuban Pineapple Plantation near Batabano on S. Coast- Fruit Two Months from Maturity circa 1940s
1 A Palm-thatched Bohio Farmhouse in the Province of Matanzas, Cuba circa 1940s
1 Airplane View of Habana, Cuba circa 1940s
1 Downtown Skyline of Cuba's Capital- Habana from Across the Harbor circa 1940s
1 The Lovely Tree-shaped Paseo del Prado Extends from the Capitol to Waterfront of Habana circa 1940s
1 The Beautiful Domed National Capitol from Gardens of the Plaza Fraternidad, Habana, Cuba circa 1940s
1 Traffic Officer at Busy Corner of Neptuno and Zulucto Streets During Noon Lull, Cuba circa 1940s
1 "White House" of the Pearl of the Antilles- Palace of the President, Habana, Cuba circa 1940s
1 The Habana-to-Santiago Train in Station at Camaguey, Principal Rail Center of Cuba circa 1940s
1 Plaza Colon and Cathedral of Cardenas, an Important Sugar-loading Port in Cuba circa 1940s
1 Filler Tobacco Brought Down on Chutes Is Transported by Motor Truck for Export, Habana circa 1940s
1 Historic Morro Castle, Now a Weather Station, from the Parapet, Habana, Cuba circa 1940s
1 Cuban cigar makers at work in the largest factory in Havana, Cuba undated
1 Pottery factory in Cuba undated
1 Courtyard of a Cuban home in Remedios, Cuba undated
1 The wonderful caves of Bellamar near Matanzas, Cuba undated
1 View of the harbor of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish Block House undated
1 View of new capitol building in Havana, Cuba undated
1 Entrance of Morro Castle in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba undated
1 Typical tobacco plantation near Havana undated
1 View of the Yumuri River from the Yumuri ridge, Matanzas, Cuba undated
1 City of Havana looking toward the harbor undated
1 View of the Harbor of Santiago from a hill undated



Series 2: Puerto Rico 1899-1900



Box
1 A holiday jaunt in a horseless carriage in Coamo, Puerto Rico (2 copies) 1899
1 Getting bananas ready for market in Ponce, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Columbus Square, and Fortress of San Cristobal, San Juan, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Governor's Palace, showing old city wall and gate - San Juan, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Rapid transit in Yauco, Puerto Rico 1899
1 "Morro" Castle defending the harbor and city of San Juan, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Husking crop in a Cocoanut forest near Mayagüez, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Young banana plants - growing prospects of a country home near Mayagüez, Puerto Rico 1899
1 Cutting the sugar cane in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 1900
1 Cutting the sugar cane in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico (beige frame) 1900
1 Overlooking the harbor, San Juan, Puerto Rico 1900
1 San Juan, Puerto Rico, from Fort San Cristobal- looking northwest toward Morro Castle 1900
1 Life and trade in Commerce Street, Yauco, Puerto Rico undated
1 America's greatest gift to Puerto Rico - the public school, Caguas undated
1 Columbus Square, city and bay, from San Cristobal Fortress, San Juan Puerto Rico undated



Series 3: Lesser Antilles 1902-1903



Box
1 Remains of a cathedral after volcanic eruption in Saint-Pierre, Martinique 1902
1 Ruins of Saint-Pierre caused by Mount Pelée volcano (background) in Martinique 1902
1 Volcanic explosion of Mount Pelée near Riviere Blanche in Martinique 1902
1 Panoramic view of Saint-Pierre showing Mount Pelée volcano in Martinique 1902
1 Horror-strewn acres of death and ruin - path of the "Red-hot Hurricane" St Pierre, Martinique 1902
1 Under the descending fury of Mt. Pelée, Martinique 1902
1 "Soufriere's" steaming caldron 48 hours prior to a terrific eruption, St. Vincent 1902
1 Coffee pickers at work in Guadeloupe 1903
1 View of a sugar estate in the island of Nevis 1903
1 St. Louis St., showing cathedral, Fort-de-France, Martinique 1903
1 Driven from home by the volcano - loading boats on the beach, Carbet, Martinique 1903
1 Desolate city of the dead, St. Pierre, Martinique 1903
1 Mighty earthquake fissure "Lac du Nord", "Soufriere" volcano, Guadeloupe 1903
1 Scenes which force the hardest heart to weep a silent tear - victims as they fall in the destruction of Morne Rouge, Martinique 1903
1 Farm scene in Martinique, breaking the rich volcanic soil 1903
1 Crumbling ash deposts along the Rabacca River, St. Vincent 1903
1 View of a sugar estate in the island of Nevis undated
1 Group of women preparing cane stalks for replanting in Saint Kitts undated
1 Luxuriant tropical verdue along the canal, Fort de France, Martinique undated
1 Natives fascinated by the fierce and magnificant sight of a volcanic eruption, Gros Morne, Martinique undated
1 View over Kingstown, the Seaport Capital of St. Vincent, wrongly identified as Jamaica undated
1 Soufriere's Mammoth Crater - hissing, grumbling terror of the whole population, St. Vincent undated
1 Beautiful scene in Martinique undated



Series 4: Jamacia 1903



Box
1 Scene at a school house in Jamaica 1903
1 A cattle ranch in Jamacia undated



Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Agriculture
Buildings
Caribbean Area
Country life
Cuba--Havana
Cuba--Santiago de Cuba--Castillo del Morro
Keystone View Company
Martinique--Mount Pelée
Puerto Rico
Spanish-American War, 1898
Stereographs
Sugar factories
Underwood & Underwood




For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

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