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A Guide to the Ernesto Chávez Collection

Finding aid created by Ana D. Rodriguez

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
July 2016


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Chávez Álvarez, Ernesto
Title: Ernesto Chávez Collection
Dates: 1951-1968
Bulk dates: 1955-1960
Abstract: Ernesto Chávez Álvarez (b. 1942) is a Cuban writer and scholar who worked as a rural teacher during the early years of the revolutionary regime. This collection documents events and subversive movements in Cuba, as well as Chávez's own experience as a voluntary and rural teacher. Significant items in this collection include a rare collection of zines and periodicals, and photographs depicting various social and political scenes.
Extent: 1.58 Linear feet. 3 Document boxes.
Identification: MSS 0360
Language(s): Includes materials written in Spanish and English.
Note: This guide is available in Spanish at http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/chavez-alvarez_es.htm

Biographical/Historical Note

Ernesto Chávez Álvarez was born in Havana in 1942. In 1960, a young eighteen year old Chávez joined the first graduating class of Minas del Frío, a training school in Sierra Maestra for volunteer teachers. During the early years after the Cuban Revolution, these teachers were sent to teach literacy to adults and children living in remote rural areas of Sierra Maestra, la Sierra de los Órganos in Pinar del Río, and El Escambray. The enlisting of these teachers was part of the revolutionary government's mission to eliminate illiteracy among the peasant class. While teaching Chávez witnessed the peasant uprisings and was a victim of a slanderous campaign by communist Félix Torres, which sought to defame the teachers and literacy campaign workers as counterrevolutionaries. Chávez was discharged of his teaching duties in 1964.

Chávez completed a B.S. in geography at the Universidad de La Habana in 1972. In 1981, he worked at the Centro de Estudios Demográficos (CEDEM) of the School of Economy at the Universidad de La Habana. Chávez is also a respected scholar of Cuban anthropology with active participation in symposiums in Cuba and Spain. He has an extensive list of published books in topics such as children's literature, Cuban folklore, anthropology, and economics. He currently lives in the city of Matanzas, Cuba.


Scope and Content

As a young revolutionary, Chávez amassed an important collection of underground publications, propaganda materials, manifestoes, and documents relating to insurgent organizations such as Movimiento 26 de julio (26th of July Movement), Acción Cívica Cubana, and Movimiento de Resistencia Cívica. Following the promising ideas of Fidel Castro, these groups were organized to plot a coup d'état against President Fulgencio Batista's government and, as a result, launch the Cuban Revolution. The collection is organized in ten series. Materials within Series 1 through 6 are about events, people, and the insurgent organizations plotting the Cuban Revolution that culminated on January 1st, 1959. Documents and materials from these series are dated from 1951 to 1959. Havana, Cuba, New York City, NY, Miami, FL, and Caracas, Venezuela are the cities documented in these series.

Underground publications within Series 1 form a rare collection of zines and periodicals pre-dating the Cuban Revolution. The zines titled Revolución and Aldabonazo were published by Vicente Baez and Carlos Franqui. Dr. Lillian Guerra received this confirmation from Baez. The series also contain 28 issues of Carta Semanal, the semi-clandestine publication of the Cuban Communist Party or PSP, dating from 1951 to 1958. It was semi-clandestine because Batista tolerated it and allowed it to circulate even though the party was technically criminalized after 1953. The reason for Batista's tolerance is apparent in the publication's message: while it says much about Batista being a tyrant, it actually condemns the strategies of the Movimiento 26 de julio, its counterparts, and the Directorio Revolucionario in toppling the Batista regime.

Ernesto Chávez's own experience as a maestro rural and the city of Matanzas's political and social life are documented in Series 7 through 10. They contain correspondence, personal items, ephemera, official documents, and photographs. Letters sent and received by Chávez dating from 1960 reflect his relationship with family members and friends. The correspondence also sheds light on the harsh living conditions endured by Chávez during his months of training as a maestro voluntario. Photographic material taken by Chávez with a Kodak Baby Brownie 127 camera document his experience as a rural teacher in the Cuban countryside. Some of these images are included in two of Chávez recent publications: Maestro rural and Maestro voluntario. The photographs series also includes a substantial amount of images depicting social and political scenes in Matanzas and military relations between Cuba and the US, all prior to the Cuban Revolution.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged in ten series based on subject matter and type of material.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

This collection is open for research.


Administrative Information

Alternate Form of Finding Aid

This guide is available in Spanish at http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/manuscript/guides/chavez-alvarez_es.htm.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ernesto Chávez Collection, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

The collection was purchased in 2012.


Contents List

Pre-Cuban Revolution Publications.


Zines.

Box
1 Respuestas del Partido Socialista Popular, La Habana, Cuba. 1957
1 Habla Fidel Castro, La Solución Revolucionaria: Boletín quincenal editado por el Movimiento 26 de julio en Miami. 1958
1 13 de marzo: Organo Oficial de la Delegación en el Exterior, Miami, FL. 1959
1 El Estudiante: Organo Oficial de la Asociación Estudiantil Cubano-Americana, Miami, FL. 1958
1 Alma Mater: Organo de la Federación Estudiantil Universitaria, Cuba. 1958
1 OTACE: Organo Oficial de la Organización de Tripulantes Aéreos en el Exilio. 1958
1 El Insurgente, Miami, FL. 1957
1 Mella, la voz de la juventud. undated
1 Alerta Cubanos: Organo de la Asociación Cubana Pro-Democracia, La Habana, Cuba. 1953
1 Vanguardia Obrera, con las manos del trabajador, unidos venceremos. undated
1 Aldabonazo: Organo del Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de julio, Cuba. 1956
1 Revolución: Organo Oficial del Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de julio. 1958

Periodicals.

Box
1 Sierra Maestra: Organo Oficial del Movimiento 26 de julio en el Exilio, Miami, FL. 1958
1 Horizontes, Miami, FL. undated
1 Carta Semanal: Boletín de Información y Orientación, La Habana, Cuba. 1951-1958


Movimiento 26 de julio.


Box
1 CPN Manuel Álvarez, Gobernador, Rivero Aguero, Presidente, propaganda card. 1958
1 Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de julio. Reglamento Orgánico de las Plenarias (Organic bylaws of the Plenary). 1960
1 Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de julio. Estatutos (Bylaws). 1960
1 Black and red monogrammed band that reads, "26, Dir. Prov. de Matanzas." Includes a statement by the PCC. undated
1 Movimiento 26 de julio metal pin. undated
1 "Oración por la paz cubana; In memoriam" card, written by Mons. Evelio Diaz, bishop of Pinar del Rio. undated
1 "Paz." Message written by José Ramón González Fernández, honorary consul of Mexico in Matanzas. 1958
1 "Decálogo Cívico de esta Navidad," signed by Acción Ciudadana. 1958
1 Letter to José A. Rodríguez Castillo sent by the Secretario de Cultura y Propaganda de la Casa del Telegrafista, Ramón C. Martínez. 1958 August 20
1 Letter to José Colombani, Presidente de la Federación de Telegrafistas de Venezuela, sent by José A. Rodríguez Castillo. 1958 December 4
1 Letter to José Rodríguez Castillo sent by Antonio (Tony) Hernández. 1958 August 14
1 Letter to José Rodríguez Castillo sent by Antonio (Tony) Hernández. 1958 September 18
1 Letter to José Rodríguez Castillo sent by Antonio (Tony) Hernández. 1958 December 3
1 Photograph of a group of Cuban exiles at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. 1957


Movimiento de Resistencia Cívica.


Box
1 Six "Movimiento de Resistencia Cívica" one dollar stamps. undated
1 Propaganda O3C, "Cero Tres Ce, cero cine, cero compras, cero cabaret". undated


Fidel Castro's Manifestoes.


Box
1 Manifiesto "Gorila Yo," signed by Fidel Castro Ruz, Comandante Jefe de las Fuerzas Rebeldes (Commander in chief of the Insurgent Forces), and Dr. Faustino Pérez, Delegado de la Dirección Nacional (delegate of the national directory).. undated
1 "Cubanos". 1958


Partido Socialista Popular. 1958


Box
1 "Puntos Fundamentales del Programa de la Solución Democrática de la Crisis," pamphlet. 1955
1 Comunicado del Comité Nacional del Partido Socialista Popular (press release of the National Committee of the Popular Socialist Party [PSP]). 1957
1 "Carta abierta del P.S.P. a las demas organizaciones oposicionistas sobre la lucha por las garantias" (open letter of the PSP regarding the fight for warranty). 1958
1 "¡Atras la ingerencia imperialista!, ¡Compatriotas!, ¡Hombres y mujeres del pueblo!, Comite Nacional del Partido Socialista Popular". 1958


Acción Cívica Cubana.


Acción Cívica Cubana, New York. 1953-1957

Box
1 Photograph of Paco Pérez. 1957
1 Photograph of a meeting. L-R: Pablo Diaz, Juanita Castro Ruz, Emma Castro Ruz, Angel Pérez Vidal, and Alberto Arechavaleta. 1957
1 Acción Cívica Cubana bonds: 5 bonds of five dollars, 4 bonds of ten dollars, 3 bonds of twenty-five dollars, and 2 bonds of one dollar. 1957
1 Four receipts issued to Alberto Arechavaleta for his donations to the Comité Acción Cívica de New Jersey. 1957
1 "Declaración de Principios y Estatutos de la organización de Acción Cívica Cubana" (declaration of tenets and bylaws of the Acción Cívica Cubana organization). 1953
1 Notebook containing names, addresses, organizational chart, and fundraising activities of the Acción Cívica Cubana, New York and New Jersey committees. 1957

Acción Cívica Cubana, New Jersey. 1957

Box
1 Planilla de inscripción de Gustavo Castillo (Gustavo Carrillo's application form). 1957
1 Acta de organización (organization act). 1957
1 Letter to Gino P. Negretti from Onelio F. Lastra. 1957
1 Blank rollbook. undated


Personal items, documents, and memorabilia.


Box
1 Ernesto Chávez's id card (tarjeta de identidad), Republica de Cuba, Instituto Nacional de Reforma Agraria. 1960
1 Tarjeta de Distribución, Provincia de Matanzas (distribution card, Matanzas Province). 1963
1 Tarjeta - Recibo de Grasas (Fat or cooking oil supply card). 1961-1963
1 Tarjeta para el abastecimiento de la carne (meat distribution card). circa 1961
1 Monopoly game $20 bill. The game was very popular before the revolution, and it was censored after it.. undated
1 Cuban lottery bill for a drawing held on March 28, 1959. Issued by: Republica de Cuba, Instituto Nacional de Ahorro y Vivienda. 1959 March
1 Invitation sent to Ernesto Chávez by Fidel Castro Ruz to celebrate the "Año de la Educación". 1960 December 31
1 Two-small propaganda cards with the inscription "ALFABETICEMOS". undated
1 Small propaganda card with the inscription "¡VENCEREMOS!". Undated
1 Invitation to memorial mass of lieutenant Roberto Fuentes Bonilla. 1959
1 Flyer: ¿Qué son los Pioneros rebeldes?. 1961
1 Job description, instructions and application package for aspiring "maestros voluntarios" (volunteer teachers), pages 455-487. 1960 April 23
1 Letter from Silvia N. Jiménez Fernández, director of Escuela de Maestros Primarios de Matanzas, to Ernesto Chávez. 1960 June 2
1 Letter from Silvia N. Jiménez Fernández, director of Escuela de Maestros Primarios de Matanzas, to Ernesto Chávez. 1960 August 15
1 Poem entitled, "A Ernesto Chávez," by Justo Pastor García. circa 1960
1 Memorandum communicating Ernesto Chávez's deployment in Pinar del Rio. 1961 August 28
1 Tenets of the soldados de la libertad, of the Frente Revolucionario Demócratico. circa 1960
1 Medidas que deben conocer los maestros de las F.A.R. en caso de ataque o movilización; published by Ministerio de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias, República de Cuba. circa 1960
1 Memorandum communicating Ernesto Chávez's appointment as "Resp. de Enseñanza," "Año de la Planificación.". 1962 September 4
1 Memorandum about the acceptance of Ernesto Chávez's resignation from his teaching position under the Ministerio de las Fuerzas Armadas, Departamento de Educación. 1963 September 7
1 Document certifying Ernesto Chávez's employment as a teacher, from September 1962 through September 1963. 1963 September 12
1 Document certifying Ernesto Chávez's employment as technical consultant and teacher at unit #221. 1963 November 15
1 Document confirming Ernesto Chávez's discharge as an army civil teacher, "Año de la Economía.". 1964 May 30


Correspondence.


Box
Postcards and cards.
1 Postcard "Brigadas Alfabetizadoras Conrado Benitez".
1 Habana Hilton postcard sent to Rafael Cobost. 1960
1 Fidel Castro color album stamp. undated
1 Fidel Castro color postcard. undated
1 Fidel Castro black and white "Felicidades" card. undated
1 "Las FAR saludan el 6to aniversario de nuestra revolución socialista" card. circa 1966
1 Christmas pop-up card sent by Rosa. undated
1 Christmas card sent by Dora. 1963
1 Christmas card with views of Havana sent by Sergio Jiménez. 1960
Letters to Ursina Alvarez from Ernesto Chávez (Quico).
1 Letter sent from Minas del Frío. 1960
1 Note with Ernesto Chávez's postal address at Minas del Frío. 1960
1 Letter sent from Minas del Frío. 1960 July 5
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena. 1960 July 9
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena. 1960 July 9
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena. 1960 July 16
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena. 1960 July 21
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena. 1960 July 28
1 Letter sent from Caney. 1960 August 24
1 Postcard sent from Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1960 September 13
1 Letter sent from Cienfuegos, Cuba. 1960 September 16
1 Letter sent from Jicaya. 1960 September 30
1 Letter sent from Jicaya. 1960 October 10
1 Letter sent from Jicaya. 1960 October 15
1 Letter. 1960 November 19
1 Letter. 1960 November 23
1 Letter. 1960 December 2
1 Christmas card. 1960 December 19
1 Letter. 1961 January 6
1 Letter. 1961 January 14
1 Note. 1961 April 14
1 Letter sent from Lagunitas. 1961 July 8
1 Letter sent from Pinar del Rio. 1961 August 30
1 Letter sent from La Magdalena (Año de la Educación). 1962 January 20
1 Postcard sent from Santiago de Cuba. 1962 January 17
1 Letter sent from Santiago de Cuba (Año de la Planificación). 1962 January 23
1 Letter sent from El Oro (Año de la Planificación). 1962 February 2
1 Letter sent from El Oro (Año de la Planificación). 1962 February 23
1 Letter sent from El Destino (Año de la Planificación). 1962 March 13
1 Letter sent from El Destino, (Año de la Planificación). 1962 March 29
1 Letter sent from La Emilia (Año de la Planificación). 1962 March 30
1 Letter sent from El Destino, (Año de la Planificación). 1962 April 23
1 Letter sent from Santiago de Cuba. 1962 May 9

Letters sent by Victoria Rodríguez.

Box
1 Letter sent from Cabaiguan. 1962 March 28

Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 April 7

Box
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 April 18
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 April 28
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 May 4
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 May 7
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 May 15
1 Letter sent (Año de la Planificación). 1962 May 16
1 Letter. 1968 March 29

Miscellaneous correspondence (various senders).

Box
1 Letter from Angélica Alonso. undated
1 Letter from Guillermo (Minas del Frio). 1960 June 29
1 Letter from Ursina Alvarez (Matanzas). 1960 July 7
1 Letter from Juan Benitez Diaz (Matanzas). 1960 July 8
1 Letter from Arnaldo Campos Ramos (Matanzas). 1960 July 8
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 July 9
1 Letter from Félix Almeida Vidal (Matanzas). 1960 July 12
1 Letter from Luis Cabrera Caballero (Matanzas). 1960 July 13
1 Letter from Alberti (Matanzas). 1960 July 13
1 Letter from Eddy Aguirre (Matanzas). 1960 July 13
1 Letter from Ursina Alvarez and aunt Fernanda (Matanzas). 1960 July 15
1 Letter from René Castellano (Matanzas). 1960 July 16
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 July 18
1 Letter from Magaly Alfonso (Matanzas). 1960 July 18
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 July 22
1 Letter from Mirta Belmonte (Perico). 1960 July 23
1 Letter from Dulce María Abreu (Perico). 1960 July 24
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 July 28
1 Letter from Carmen "MNR". 1960 August
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 August 1
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 August 3
1 Letter from Andrés Montedrano (Matanzas). 1960 August 4
1 Letter from Clara Emma Chávez (Matanzas). 1960 August 6
1 Letter from an aunt (Havana). 1960 August 8
1 Letter from Reynol Delgado Alonso (Matanzas). 1960 August 8
1 Letter from Roberto (Matanzas). 1960 August 9
1 Letter from Bárbaro Emilio Sánchez (Matanzas). 1960 August 11


Photographs. 1960


Ernesto Chávez - Volunteer and rural teacher.

Box
1 Ernesto Chávez on horseback. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez on horseback. 1960
1 Ada Martínez Martín, student of Ernesto Chávez. 1960
1 Blasa Cintras Marín, student of Ernesto Chávez. 1960
1 Ale and Rosa. 1960
1 Group of five peasant men. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (standing). 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (at right) with another man at the arroyo Los Prados. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (at right) with another man posing in front of a rustic wood fence. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (at right) with another man posing in a kneeling position. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez in uniform (standing at right) with a group of students from the Escuela de Maestros Primarios de Matanzas, at Parque de la Libertad, Matanzas. 1960 September 1
1 Ernesto Chávez in uniform (at left) with Benito Delgado Alonso (at right), and another student from the Escuela de Maestros Primarios de Matanzas, at Parque de la Libertad, Matanzas. 1960 September 1
1 Ernesto Chávez (at right) fellow classmates Gladys Moliner Melgares and Benito Delgado Alonso, at Parque de la Libertad, Matanzas. 1960 September 1
1 Group of students from the Escuela de Maestros Primarios de Matanzas. 1960 April 8
1 Equipo #3 de práctica de onservación, (Team #3, observation practicum), from l-r: front row, Zenaida Barroso, Dr. María Luisa Falcón and El Bregio. Second row: Ernesto Chávez, benito Delgado and Roberto Gómez. 1960 April 8
1 Ernesto Chávez in uniform. 1960 September 4
1 Ernesto Chávez in the countryside with two thatched-roof houses in background. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (second from left) with three students and a young woman in uniform. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (at left) seated on the ground with two students. 1960
1 Young woman in uniform. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez with a young female student. 1960
1 Young female student. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez with three young women, possibly teachers. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez in Santiago de Cuba. 1962 January 23
1 Young students from the Escuela Rural (rural school) in Escambray. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez with a group of thirteen students from the Escuela Rural (rural school) in Escambray. 1960
1 Young students from the Escuela Rural (rural school) in Escambray. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez (at right) posing along another man and holding a rifle. 1960
1 Young man on horseback. 1960
1 Family of Ramón Jímenez. 1960
1 Ernesto Chávez with a group of young students from the Escuela Rural (rural school) in Escambray. Two of the students are holding the Cuban flag. 1960

Ernesto Chávez - Volunteer and rural teacher.

Box
1 Group climbing La Vela hill, Minas del Frío, Sierra Maestra. 1960 May 26
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena attending Professor Clara Varona's class. 1960 July
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena attending Professor Raúl Sánchez's class. 1960 July
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena attending Professor Anibal Ramos' class. 1960 July
1 Female student from Campamento La Magdalena during a military training. 1960 July
1 Students from the Campamento El Roble at a river, Sierra Maestra. 1960 June
1 Two female students from the Campamento El Roble, Minas del Frío, Sierra Maestra. 1960 June
1 View of Sierra Maestra landscape. 1960
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena in front of a bust of José Martí, Pico Real del Turquino. 1960 July 12
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena in front of a bust of José Martí, Pico Real del Turquino. 1960 July 12
1 Students from the Campamento La Magdalena in front of a bust of José Martí, Pico Real del Turquino. 1960 July 12
1 Professors Clara Varona and Manuel Camps in front of the bust of José Martí, Pico Real del Turquino. Photo taken by Eddie Matos. 1960 August 9
1 From l-r: Rosalía Peña, Eddie Matos, and Rita Fernández in front of a Virgen de la Caridad monument at the Pico Real del Turquino. 1960 August 9
1 Female students from Camp La Magdalena at Hotel Nacional, Havana. 1960

Sociedad y Economía.

Box
1 Meeting of women members of the Matanzas Tennis Club. From l-r: Venerada Sánchez Jiménez, president Matanzas Tennis Club; Mary Sims del Beato, secretary of Escuela de Comercio de Matanzas and Matanzas Tennis Club; Eva Forest Quintero; Mireya Alonso Tió, teacher of the Escuela del Hogar; Carmen Olga Taquechel; Elvira Fernández; Graciela "Chela alonso Véliz de Sarabia; Hilda Valdés Faroy; Cutica González Chávez, and Mariíta Rodríguez de Urréchaga. undated
1 Blessing act of the Planta Electrica José Martí. From l-r: Sergio Mejías Pérez, mayor of Matanzas; Monsignor Manuel Trabadelo Muiño (background), secretary of the archbishopric; Monsignor Alberto Martín Villaverde, bishop of Matanzas; Angel Cofiño, secretary general of the Sindicato de Trabajadores Eléctricos, and his wife. 1951 January
1 Dr. Consuelo Miranda Miravet speaking at a meeting held at the Colegio de Maestros, in Matanzas. Dr. Carlos Martínez, president of the Junta de Educación (at left), and Dr. Aguirre (at right), secreatary general of the Colegio de Maestros de Matanzas. 1958 April 11
1 Meeting of the Colegio de Maestros de Matanzas. From l-r: Carilda Oliver Labra, poet from Matanzas; Dr. Rigoberto Fernández, and Dr. Aguirre, secreatary general of the Colegio de Maestros de Matanzas. 1958 April 11
1 Carmen Olga Taquechel Matos, mayor of Matanzas (first from left), along with Lieutenant Corona and other women, giving clothes to low-income families.. undated
1 Bachelorette luncheon of Laura Palomera Pérez (fourth from left), at the Liceo of Matanzas. Also attending, from l-r: Milagros Carballo Carbó (3rd standing), Edelmira Sainz de Alcebo (5th standing), and María Luisa Carballo (7th, standing). 1957 November 23
1 Luncheon at Central Dos Rosas, Matanzas. Identified by numbers: 1. Esther Pura García Polanco; 2. Diaz, worker form Arechavala; 3. Carmen Olga Taquechel Matos; 4. Leopoldo Pérez Coujil; 5. Venerada Sánchez Jiménez; and 6. Teresita García Polanco. circa 1954-1958
1 Food distribution to low-income families in front of the police station, Plaza de la Vigía, Matanzas. From l-r: Commander Olegario Rodríguez Hernández (standing), and Colonel Leopoldo Pérez Coujil (standing in front of Olegario), chief of Regimiento No. 4; Carmen Olga Taquechel Matos (seated), wife of Pérez Coujil. circa 1952-1954

Politica.

Box
1 Manuel Alvarez Díaz, governor of Matanzas, electoral campaign. 1954-1958
1 Arrival of Cuban military at Varadero Airport. From r-l: Colonel Alberto Triana Calvet, chief of national police; Bathuel Posada Delgado, mayor of Cárdenas (white blazer, backwards); Colonel Leopoldo Pérez Coujil (in front of Posada), and Nicolás "Colacho" Pérez Hernández, defense minister (at right of Pérez Coujil).. 1952-1954
1 Colonel Leopoldo Pérez Coujil (at center, wearing civilian clothes), and Lieutenant Morat. circa 1950-1952
1 Group of women climbing the stairs of the Palacio de Gobierno Provincial. Carmen Olga Taquechel, mayor of Matanzas (center); Julia Elisa Consuegra Rodríguez (at her left). 1954
1 Manuel Alvarez Díaz, governor of Matanzas, speaking during elctoral campaign. Seen at right: Ramón Suárez Calderín, Monsignor Jenaro Suárez Muñiz, and Isidro Valdés Astolfi.. circa 1952-1958
1 Political event at the Palacio de Gobierno. From l-r: Roberto Rodríguez Aragón (background), Franciscan priest, and Carmen Olga Taquechel Matos, mayor of Matanzas. 1954 March 2
1 Meeting in Cárdenas. Identified by numbers: 1. Modesto García Tuñón, journalist; 2. Bathuel Posada Delgado, mayor of Cárdenas; 3. Colonel José M. Salas Cañizares, División de la Policía Nacional de Matanzas; 4. Clemente Abascal; 5. Carlos M. Cantillo González; 6. Not identified; 7. Father Domingo Lorenzo; 8. Eduardo Ruiz del Villar; 9. Humberto Rivero Espinosa. circa 1954-1958
1 Meeting in Cárdenas. circa 1954-1958
1 Vehicle with electoral campaign propaganda for Raimundo Camacho Santiago and Andrés Rivero Aguero, candidates from the Partido Unión Radical. circa 1958
1 Marta Fernández Miranda, first lady of Cuba (seated with hat), during a break from a disaster relief assistance event held for those affected by June 1953 storm. Also present, Carmen Olga Taquechel (seated with dark blouse).. 1953
1 Mayoral campaign rally of Mena, candidate of the Partido Acción Progresista (PAP), at the intersection of Plácido and San Blás Streets, city of Versailles, Province of Matanzas. circa 1952-1954
1 Visit around suburbs of the province of Matanzas. Dr. Ramón Hermida Antorcha (wearing suit), minister of Gobernación, Manuel Alvarez Díaz (at his right).. circa 1952-1958
1 Visit around suburbs of the province of Matanzas. Manuel Alvarez Díaz (wearing suit).. circa 1952-1958
1 Rosendo Forte, council candidate for the Partido Liberal, at Radio Matanzas. Identified by numbers: 1. Ramón Martell; 2. nephew of Manuel Alvarez Díaz; 5. Cotico Castillo. circa 1954-1958
1 Political event broadcast by Radio Matanzas. Radio announcer Elio Montenegro Falcón (with eyeglasses).. undated
1 Elio Montenegro Falcón, Radio Matanzas announcer and council candidate for the Partido Demócrata. circa 1954-1958
1 Manuel Alvarez Díaz, governor of Matanzas, speaking with Carmen Olga Taquechel, mayor of the city of Matanzas. circa 1954-1958
1 Meeting of council candidates at the Palacio de Gobierno, Matanzas. At center, Carmen Olga Taquechel, mayor of the city of Matanzas, Manuel Alvarez Díaz, governor of Matanzas (at right).. circa 1954-1958
1 Dinner with various Cuban politicians. From l-r: Manuel Alvarez Díaz, Santiago Alvarez Rodríguez, Fulgencio Batista, Fernando del Villar y de los Ríos. Also present, Ricardo Guerrero (with dark glasses, on profile), and José Elías Olivella (at right of Guerrero).. circa 1952-1954
1 Gathering of Cuban politicians. From l-r: José Rodríguez Suárez (3rd), mayor of Sabanilla; manuel Alvarez Díaz (8th), governor of the province of Matanzas, and Dr. Fernando del Villar (9th), mayor of the city of Matanzas.. circa 1952-1954

Cuban military scenes.

Box
1 U.S. Army men visit to Cuartel Domingo Goicuría in Matanzas. Colonel Pilar García García (second from left), chief of Regimiento No. 4 Plácido, greets one of the visitors. Arquímedes Viera Nodal, assistant of García Garcia, appears smiling behind him.. circa 1954-1956
1 U.S. Army men visit to Cuartel Domingo Goicuría in Matanzas. Colonel Pilar García García (at right), giving a tour around the dormitories. Armando Averoff Herrera (with mustache) appears in the background.. circa 1954-1956
1 Visit and tour around the site of Regimiento No. 4, Gelpi, Ciudad Militar. Lieutenant Colonel Armando Suárez Suquet (at center, without hat); Also in the picture: Armando Averoff Herrera and Humberto Rivero Espinosa.. 1958
1 Reception in honor of visit of U.S. Army men visiting Matanzas, at the bar of Balneario Club de Oficiales. From l-r: Commander Rafael A. Sanz Rodríguez; Captain Víctor Bermúdez Nerey; Serafín Díaz Fuentes (dark uniform); Captain Armando Averoff Herrera (with mustache); and Colonel Pilar García García (center).. circa 1955-1957
1 Arrival of undisclosed officials at Varadero Airport. From l-r: Colonel Albert Triana Calvet (wearing military hat); Bethuel Posada (white suit), mayor of Cárdenas; Nicolás "Colacho" Pérez; two unidentified men; Col, Leopoldo Coujil.. circa 1952-1954
1 Luncheon of Regimiento No.4 officials at the Cuartel Domingo Goicuria, Matanzas. 1955 May
1 Looking at a map at Cuban military base of Regimiento No. 4, Gelpi, Ciudad Militar. L-r; Colonel Armando Suárez Suquet (backwards); two U.S. Army officials; Carlos m. Cantillo González, chief of Regimiento No. 4. 1958
1 Touring the dormitories at Cuban military base of Regimiento No. 4. 1958
1 U.S. Army and Cuban military men sharing a toast during an official reception. 1958
1 U.S. Army and Cuban military men talking. L-r: Commander Humberto Rivero Espinosa, Lieutenant Colonel Armando Suárez Suquet; U.S. Army official, and Cuban official. 1958
1 Lieutenant Colonel Armando Suárez Suquet pointing at the distance while showing the Regimiento No. 4 military base to U.S. Army officials. 1958
1 U.S. Army and Cuban military men enjoying a cup of Cuban coffee. 1958
1 Dinner reception in honor of U.S. Army men visit to Regimiento No. 4 military base. 1958
1 Brigadier Carlos Cantillo González greeting an U.S. Army official. 1958
1 Brigadier Carlos Cantillo González talking with U.S. Army official. 1958
1 Cuban musicians playing at the Dinner reception in honor of U.S. Army men visit to Regimiento No. 4 military base. 1958
1 U.S. Army official (5th from left) posing with Brigadier Carlos M. Cantillo and a group of Cuban officials. 1958
1 Visiting the cafeteria of Regimiento No. 4 military base. 1958
1 Visiting the kitchen pantry of Regimiento No. 4 military base. 1958
1 Cuban army official speaking from a podium. undated
1 Group of Cuban military men gathered during a drill. undated
1 Three Cuban army officials explaining a drill with different granades. undated
1 Cuban army men listening to officials. undated
1 Military drill with rocket launchers (bazookas). undated
1 Cuban army men standing in formation. undated
1 Military drill with machine guns. undated
1 Military drill with rocket launchers (bazookas) and machine guns. undated


Visual and text resources.


Box
1 DVD of Lillian Guerra's interview with Ernesto Chávez. 2012 October
1 Map of Cuba displaying zones of agrarian development by municipalities. circa 1960
2 Los fundamentos del socialismo en Cuba. 1961
2 Declaraciones de La Habana y Santiago. 1965
2 Seis leyes de la revolución. 1973
2 El caballo de Mayaguara. 1987
2 ¿Revolución en la revolución?. 1967
2 Cuba : anatomía de una revolución; inscribed by Ernesto Chávez. 1961
3 ¡Patria o muerte! Antonio Núñez Jiménez. 1961
3 Cuba : Z. D. A. (Zona de Desarrollo Agrario). 1960


Bibliography

Alonso, G. and E. Chávez Álvarez, eds. Memorias inéditas del censo de 1931. La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1978. (HB3549 .M45)
Chávez Álvarez, Ernesto. El crimen de la niña Cecilia: la brujería en Cuba como fenómeno social (1902-1925). La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1991. (BF1584.C9 C331 1991)
Chávez Álvarez, E., ed. La población de Cuba: Centro de Estudios Demográficos. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana, Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1976. (HB3549 .H38 1976a)
Chávez Álvarez, Ernesto. Maestro rural. Gainesville, Florida: MilianBooks, 2014. (LA2353.C92 C429 2014)
Chávez Álvarez, Ernesto. Maestro voluntario. Gainesville, Florida: MilianBooks, 2014. (LA2353.C9 C43 2014)


Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Batista y Zaldi?var, Fulgencio, 1901-1973
Castro, Fidel, 1926-
Chávez Álvarez, Ernesto
Cuba
Cuba--Matanzas
Education, Rural
Movimiento Revolucionario 26 de Julio
Revolution (Cuba : 1959)
Revolutionaries
Teachers



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